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Roger Bischoff International Meditation Centre UK Splatts House Heddington, Calne Wilts SN11 OPE There are four dominant ethnic groups in the recorded history of Myanmar: the Mon, the Pyu, the Myanmar, and the Shan.
Uncertainty surrounds the origins of the Mon; but it is clear that, at least linguistically, they are related to the Khmer. What is known is that they settled in the south of Myanmar and Thailand while the Khmer made northern Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia their home.
They came from the mountainous northern regions and may well have originated in the Central Asian plains.
After the Myanmar, the Shan flooded in from the North, finally conquering the entire region of Myanmar and Thailand. The northeast region of modern Myanmar is still inhabited predominantly by Shan tribes.
In Myanmar, they were located in Thaton (Suddhammapura), Pegu (Ussa), Yangon (Ukkala, then still on the coast), and Mrauk-U (Dhannavati) in Arakan; also probably along the Tenasserim and Arakan coasts.
These settlers had mainly migrated from Orissa on the northeastern coast of the Indian subcontinent, and also from the Deccan in the southeast.
The material has been sifted and organised from the point of view of a practicing Buddhist.
While migrants from the east coast of India had formed trading colonies along the coast of the Gulf of Martaban, these coastal areas of Myanmar and Thailand were also home to the Mon.This booklet is intended to offer a short history of Buddhism in Myanmar from its origins through the country's loss of independence to Great Britain in the late nineteenth century.I have not dealt with more recent history as this has already been well documented.However, today their influence and language is limited to remote areas of the south.The Pyu, like the Myanmar, are a people of Tibeto-Burman origin with a distinct culture and language.
To write an account of the development of a religion in any country is a delicate and demanding undertaking and one will never be quite satisfied with the result.